Theater played an important role in ancient Greece. History of the Greek theatre started with festivals held in honor of their gods honoring their gods. A god, Dionysus, was honored with a festival called by "City Dionysia". They were clad in goatskins, were smeared with the dregs of wine and danced and sang rude songs in honor of their god.
The basic dance is that of wild and vigorous jumping and leaping in rhythm, the so-called ecstatic dance. Used in religious ceremonies from sub-Saharan Africa to ancient Israel to Classical Greece and Rome, the ecstatic dance usually begins with restraint but becomes so wild that the dancers often fall unconscious from exertion.
A similar dance seems to have been performed by the ancient inhabitants of Crete where priestesses danced in worship of the great mother goddess. Young Cretan men performed a kind of bull dancing, a very dangerous artform akin to modern Hispanic bullfighting, in which young male dancers executed such maneuvers as somersaulting between the horns of the raging animal.
Those that failed to execute these moves were often gored to their death, in effect being sacrificed to the divinity. Throughout the ancient world, dance was associated with the most basic of human needs and activities. Members of the Tarahumara tribe in Mesoamerica use the same word for dance and work.
Fertility of the soil, animals, and people was invoked and celebrated in ancient dance.
A painting by English painter John White in records a Virginia Indian ritual of ancient origin in which seminude young men are seen dancing in a circle around the three most beautiful virgins of the tribe.
A similar painting by American artist George Catlin depicts a Mandan Indian traditional buffalo dance in which the people wearing animal heads dance to ensure abundance of the valuable bison. Other animal dances are practiced by primitive peoples who mask themselves as an animal, such as a lion, in order to acquire the desired characteristics of that animal.
An interesting cave painting from North Africa depicts dancers costumed as the praying mantis insect. The Talmud of the ancient Hebrews describes dances of Hebrew maidens that seem related to fertility dances of primitive peoples. Muslim dances of Turkey and the Mideast are famous for the ecstatic, spinning movements of the holy men known as whirling dervishes, a dance that is now outlawed.
A more playful form of Hindu-Arabic dance is the famous singki of the Muslim princesses. Ancient Egypt and sub-Saharan Africa are alike in that their dances often involved death and journeys into the world of the spirit.
The Yoruba people of southern Africa have elaborate dances associated with ritual journeys of the spirit, as well as elaborate dance-dramas devoted to the mother goddess. These latter dances have been well documented in film.
The most significant spirit dance of all comes from the Hindus of India. To this day, young women, following a tradition of many hundreds of years, start training at the age of five or six in the intricate steps and gestures that make up Indian temple dance.
Known as kathakali, the dance-dramas of northern India have survived to the present. Ceylon, Cambodia, Bali, and Siam. Each of these dance forms is unique to its region but all are based on the radical The entire section is 1, words.
Unlock This Study Guide Now Start your hour free trial to unlock this page Performing Arts in the Ancient World study guide and get instant access to the following: Analysis You'll also get access to more than 30, additional guides andHomework Help questions answered by our experts.Theatre: Theatre, in dramatic arts, an art concerned almost exclusively with live performances in which the action is precisely planned to create a coherent and significant sense of drama.
Though the word theatre is derived from the Greek theaomai, “to see,” the performance itself may appeal either to thealphabetnyc.com The history of theatre charts the development of theatre over the past 2, years. it is customary to acknowledge a distinction between theatre as an art form and entertainment and theatrical or performative elements in other activities.
· Aristophanes, a writer of comedy, wrote mostly what is known as Old alphabetnyc.com is the last old comedy writer whose works survive. New Comedy, almost a century later, is represented by alphabetnyc.com have much less of his works: many fragments, and one almost complete, prize-winning comedy, Dyskolos.
Romealphabetnyc.com Performing Arts; Cite. Performing Arts Timeline B.C. He also introduces masks, which become a staple of Greek and Roman theater. Jean Rosenthal, one of the greatest lighting designers in theater history, pioneers the concept of stage lighting.
Discover librarian-selected research resources on American Theater History from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more. Home» Browse» Music and Performing Arts» Theater» American Theater History.
American Theater History. drama, Western Greek Drama The Western alphabetnyc.com Performing Arts in the Ancient World Analysis. and it is likely that the performing arts of music, theater, and dance formed the crucial elements of that ritual.
Oscar G. History .