When we tweet or send text messages, we are merging the fixed visual means of text with the immediate live performance of speech.
It is as vernacular as speech, and it draws on vernacular speech — live Telluride essays Arabic tends to draw on spoken rather than standard written Arabic. But it is still text. View image of Credit: Usenet chat groups were sometimes interacting in real time and sometimes responding hours, days or even longer after the original post.
IRC Internet Relay Chat and instant messaging used text and left a record but were mainly intended to be real-time or very close to it.
Because they were a new context and style of use, people played around to discover potentials and to innovate. Hehehehehe ;-D  That ;-D shows one of the first things that emerged for computer-mediated communication to mimic speech: They are not about how the sender feels so much as how the sender wants the receiver to feel.
They can soften messages Telluride essays might make the recipient look bad and strengthen ones that make the recipient look good. A key one is reduplication.
Skip using the Shift key and punctuation to show haste sorry cant chat rn got an essay due or casualness hi whats up. Make a typographical error to show urgency or heedlessness — teh for thepwn for own, as in dominate or defeatzomg for OMG because Z is next to Shiftand hodl for hold in online currency trading ; these all originated with errors but became fixed forms that are simultaneously more intense and more facetious than the originals.
Slip your finger off the shift key when typing multiple exclamation points to look even more unhinged: And then play with that sarcastically to make!!!!! Shred capitalisation standards to convey derision: Live is an idiom of a certain social set — or, by now, several different social sets. The mixed-capitals mockery started with a SpongeBob Squarepants meme on Twitter in ; hodl started with a post on Bitcoin Talk Forums in ; some others such as kek in place of lol came from features in online games.
It does for communication what the Segway was supposed to do for transportation: Getty Images But is it going to replace speech? Oh, come on, what are you talking about? There are many things that are best accomplished using your mouth and voice, just as there are many places most easily reached on foot no matter what machines you have.
Getty Images On the other hand, Live is affecting other forms of English, spoken and written, because we borrow from it and refer to it.
Is it slipping into formal writing by younger people as they grow up using it and become adults? They learn how to write like grown-ups when they have to, just as we all have: What we might get as the medium matures is more formal versions of Live.
Conventions are already emerging for certain kinds of formal discourse on Twitter, such as numbered tweet threads.
But that will just be one more variety of English among many. The possibilities are endless, and if we ever invent telepathy, expect yet another version of English to emerge for that.Luci Tapahonso, Navajo, is originally from Shiprock, NM, where she grew up in a family of 11 children.
Navajo was her first language but she learned English at home before starting school at the Navajo Methodist Mission in Farmington, NM. Telluride Film Festival, presented by the National Film Preserve, today announced its official program selections for the 45th edition of the Telluride Film Festival.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. A. Cezarija Abartis. Cezarija Abartis’ Nice Girls and Other Stories was published by New Rivers Press. Her. There were over species described as Cordyceps, but then came the genus review by Sung, Hywel-Jones, Sung, Luangsa-ard, Shrestha and Spatafora in and Cordyceps was divided into Cordyceps, Ophiocordyceps, Elaphocordyceps and alphabetnyc.com Ophiocordyceps species including Ophiocordyceps sinensis were placed in the new family Ophiocordycipitaceae.
Jay J. Schlickman is a retired experimental and industrial physicist with fifty-one years of research, development, engineering and manufacturing experience in the areas of electro-optics, medical imaging instrumentation, security systems, display monitors, semiconductor .
Almost exactly a year ago, I was on the cinematography jury for Telluride Mountainfilm, and we were almost done with our work, having watched a couple dozen films from short to long, and only had a few more left to screen.“Northbound” arrived with no fanfare, no .