The main focus of sociology is the group not the individual.
The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision. Thus all persons practice philosophy whether they know it or not.
Autocosmic Answers What is existing? Reality consists ultimately of matter and energy and their fundamentally lawlike and unwilled relations in space-time.
To exist is to have a causal relationship with the rest of the universe. The universe is the maximal set of circumstances that includes this statement and no subset of which is causally unrelated to the remainder.
Humans do not know why the universe exists or what it is for. The universe operates without supernatural intervention and according to lawlike regularities that can be understood through empirical investigation and without special intuition.
Humans have no credible evidence of any supernatural agency or unity. Humans have no credible evidence that any minds enjoy eternal existence. Knowledge is justified true belief. Truth is logical and parsimonious consistency with evidence and with other truth.
Meaning is the context-sensitive connotation ultimately established by relevant denotation and use. All synthetic propositions including this one can only be known from experience and are subject to doubt. A synthetic statement is propositionally meaningless if it is in principle neither falsifiable nor verifiable.
A mind is any volition al conscious faculty for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter.
Mental states are functional states consisting of causal relations among components for processing information. Consciousness is awareness of self and environment.
Intelligence is the ability to make, test, and apply inductions about perceptions of self and world.
There are no forms of reasoning or kinds of knowledge that are in principle inaccessible to regular intelligence. As autonomous living intellects, we persons value intelligence and life and the autonomy they need to flourish. A person is any intelligen t being with significant volitional control over how it affects other beings.
All persons have the right to life and liberty. All beings have the right not to suffer torture or extinction. Liberty is volition in the absence of aggression.
Aggression consists essentially of 1 coercion or 2 damage to a person's body, property, or rightful resources. Coercion is compulsion of one person by another through force or threat of aggression. Justice is the minimization, reversal and punishment of aggression.Three Major Perspectives in Sociology.
Sociologists analyze social phenomena at different levels and from different perspectives. From concrete interpretations to sweeping generalizations of society and social behavior, sociologists study everything from specific events.
Fideisms Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's ( BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c BCE).. Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (cc BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
Sociology is the study of social phenomena. We are interested in what happens between people and between groups. Although we may collect data from individuals, it is always in the pursuit of answers to social questions.
There are a number of social phenomena, especially in business settings; good examples include the Hawthorne effect, butterfly effect and John Henry effect.
Socialists normally analyze social phenomena from different perspectives and at varying levels.
The butterfly effect states that future events. Social phenomena include all behavior that influences or is influenced by organisms sufficiently alive to respond to one another.
See also. Social relation; Phenomenological sociology; Sociological imagination; References.
John Markey. "A Redefinition of Social Phenomena: Giving A Basis for Comparative Sociology.". A dictionary defines sociology as the systematic study of society and social interaction.
The word “sociology” is derived from the Latin word socius (companion) and the Greek word logos (speech or reason), which together mean “reasoned speech about companionship”.
How can the experience of companionship or togetherness be put into words or explained?