Few terms in the contemporary critical lexicon have been as vociferously debated and as persistently unstable in meaning and use as postmodernism and its various avatars, such as postmodernity.
Postmodernism is hard to define, because it is a concept that appears in a wide variety of disciplines or areas of study, including art, architecture, music, film, literature, sociology, communications, fashion, and technology. It's hard to locate it temporally or historically, because it's not clear exactly when postmodernism begins.
Perhaps the easiest way to start thinking about postmodernism is by thinking about modernism, the movement from which postmodernism seems to grow or emerge.
Modernism has two facets, or two modes of definition, both of which are relevant to understanding postmodernism. The first facet or definition of modernism comes from the aesthetic movement broadly labeled "modernism. Modernism, as you probably know, is the movement in visual arts, music, literature, and drama which rejected the old Victorian standards of how art should be made, consumed, and what it should mean.
In the period of "high modernism," from around tothe major figures of modernism literature helped radically to redefine what poetry and fiction Postmodern concepts influence on museology be and do: From a literary perspective, the main characteristics of modernism include: An example of this would be stream-of-consciousness writing.
Faulkner's multiply-narrated stories are an example of this aspect of modernism. Eliot or ee cummings and prose seems more poetic as in Woolf or Joyce. A rejection of the distinction between "high" and "low" or popular culture, both in choice of materials used to produce art and in methods of displaying, distributing, and consuming art.
Postmodernism, like modernism, follows most of these same ideas, rejecting boundaries between high and low forms of art, rejecting rigid genre distinctions, emphasizing pastiche, parody, bricolage, irony, and playfulness.
Postmodern art and thought favors reflexivity and self-consciousness, fragmentation and discontinuity especially in narrative structuresambiguity, simultaneity, and an emphasis on the destructured, decentered, dehumanized subject. But--while postmodernism seems very much like modernism in these ways, it differs from modernism in its attitude toward a lot of these trends.
Modernism, for example, tends to present a fragmented view of human subjectivity and history think of The Wasteland, for instance, or of Woolf's To the Lighthousebut presents that fragmentation as something tragic, something to be lamented and mourned as a loss. Many modernist works try to uphold the idea that works of art can provide the unity, coherence, and meaning which has been lost in most of modern life; art will do what other human institutions fail to do.
Postmodernism, in contrast, doesn't lament the idea of fragmentation,provisionality, or incoherence, but rather celebrates that. The world is meaningless?
Let's not pretend that art can make meaning then, let's just play with nonsense. Another way of looking at the relation between modernism and postmodernism helps to clarify some of these distinctions. According to Frederic Jameson, modernism and postmodernism are cultural formations which accompany particular stages of capitalism.
Jameson outlines three primary phases of capitalism which dictate particular cultural practices including what kind of art and literature is produced. The first is market capitalism, which occurred in the eighteenth through the late nineteenth centuries in Western Europe, England, and the United States and all their spheres of influence.
This first phase is associated with particular technological developments, namely, the steam-driven motor, and with a particular kind of aesthetics, namely, realism. The second phase occurred from the late nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth century about WWII ; this phase, monopoly capitalism, is associated with electric and internal combustion motors, and with modernism.
The third, the phase we're in now, is multinational or consumer capitalism with the emphasis placed on marketing, selling, and consuming commodities, not on producing themassociated with nuclear and electronic technologies, and correlated with postmodernism.
Like Jameson's characterization of postmodernism in terms of modes of production and technologies, the second facet, or definition, of postmodernism comes more from history and sociology than from literature or art history.
But generally, the "modern" era is associated with the European Enlightenment, which begins roughly in the middle of the eighteenth century. Other historians trace elements of enlightenment thought back to the Renaissance or earlier, and one could argue that Enlightenment thinking begins with the eighteenth century.
I usually date "modern" fromif only because I got my Ph. The basic ideas of the Enlightenment are roughly the same as the basic ideas of humanism. · SSS10 Proceedings of the 10th International Space Syntax Symposium.
Spatial concepts in museum theory and practice. Kali Tzortzi.
University of Patras ktz[email protected] Abstract. Since the beginning of space syntax, the field of museums has been a recurrent focus of inquiry alphabetnyc.com · National Art Education Association Postmodern Principles: In Search of a 21st Century Art Education Author(s): Olivia Gude Dow's influence on great American modernists such as Georgia O'Keeffe and words or concepts that have been identified as useful for constructing artalphabetnyc.com · Postmodernism, in rejecting grand narratives, favors "mini-narratives," stories that explain small practices, local events, rather than large-scale universal or global concepts.
Postmodern "mini-narratives" are always situational, provisional, contingent, and temporary, making no claim to universality, truth, reason, or alphabetnyc.com · In truth, under the influence of the ‘green' organizations, the LMC had actually redesigned the transgenic grapevine research trial to push for new research “on the environmental impact of GMO rootstocks as well as on the alternatives for controlling GFLV using organic viticulture”.alphabetnyc.com Postmodern Concepts' Influence on Museology Essay.
Postmodern concepts have influenced curation and exhibitions, under the effect of museum classifications which determine the audiences’ perspectives on exhibitions.
|Get help with your homework||Postmodern Theory Postmodern Theory — A Broad and Ambiguous View of Reality Postmodern theory is a broad and somewhat ambiguous belief system tied to the philosophical and cultural reaction to the convictions of Modernism sometimes equated with Humanism. Postmodernism is the philosophical proposal that reality is ultimately inaccessible by human investigation, that knowledge is a social construction, that truth-claims are political power plays, and that the meaning of words is to be determined by readers not authors.|
|Postmodernism Critique||April 6, I first began talking seriously about postmodernism in an epistemological sense seven years ago. I was studying it at university at the same time as reading and writing about skepticism and critical thinking for pleasure, and it appalled me.|
|Postmodern Approaches to Sociological Theory||A new, radical form of skepticism emerged in the last half of the 20th century: This view questioned whether there can be any rational, objective framework for discussing intellectual problems, or whether instead the intellectual frameworks that people use are inherently determined by… Postmodernism and modern philosophy Postmodernism is largely a reaction against the intellectual assumptions and values of the modern period in the history of Western philosophy roughly, the 17th through the 19th century.|
|Postmodern literature - Wikipedia||A new, radical form of skepticism emerged in the last half of the 20th century: This view questioned whether there can be any rational, objective framework for discussing intellectual problems, or whether instead the intellectual frameworks that people use are inherently determined by… Postmodernism and modern philosophy Postmodernism as a philosophical movement is largely a reaction against the philosophical assumptions and values of the modern period of Western specifically European history—i.|
|Conceptual Postmodernism and Postmodernist Theory||Arfaei Moghaddam Abdolmajid Arfaei Moghaddam et al.|
· We learn from Rectenwald the thinking behind postmodern concepts such as deconstruction, toxic masculinity, biologism, standpoint epistemology, social constructivism, radical constructivism, transgender theory, alphabetnyc.com://alphabetnyc.com