Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported.
Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographiesAvoiding plagiarismWriting a dissertationWhat is critical reading?
What is critical writing? The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report. What is a literature review? The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill.
To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. It is an important showcase of your talents of: The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings.
After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant.
Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. Why do I need a literature review? When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing.
They will ask questions such as: What research question s are you asking? Has anyone else done anything similar? What is already known or understood about this topic? How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs?
These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one. A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one.
What is critical reading? This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below. The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals.
Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically.
Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written. Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: Your interpretation may be self-evident to you, but it may not be to everyone else.
You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking.
Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence. When to review the literature With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins.
With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. There are three stages at which a review of the literature is needed: This can involve further review with perhaps a slightly different focus from that of your initial review.
This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context.
Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature.Writing a Literature Review in a dissertation Writing a Literature Review in a dissertation 1 | P a g e Introduction This guide will outline how to write a literature review as part of a dissertation.
What is a Literature Review? A Guide to Writing the Dissertation Literature Review Justus J.
Randolph Walden University Writing a faulty literature review is one of many ways to derail a dissertation. This article summarizes some pivotal information on how to write a high-quali ty dissertation literature review.
It begins with a.
13 days ago · Dissertation help literature review. Dissertation help literature review and how to write most succesfull coursework. European journal of sociology. the most relevant information on how to write a dissertation literature review.
I begin with a discussion of the purposes of a review, present Cooper’s () Taxonomy of Literature Reviews, and discuss the steps in conducting a quantitative or qualitative literature. Dissertation: Literature Review Section. Writing a literature review for a dissertation is one of the main ways to demonstrate that you have made a strong research for your dissertation and have a strong academic background in your field.
When to review the literature. With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins.
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With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended.