Law reform sexual assault essay

Throw in one of the most high-profile sexual assault cases in California history and the MeToo juggernaut, though, and the campaign to recall Santa Clara County Superior Court Judge Aaron Persky has become a well-funded referendum on sexual misconduct in modern society. On the same ballot, Santa Clara County residents will be asked to pick a successor in the event that Persky is recalled—a vote that will count whether or not people support the recall. If successful, it would mark the first recall of a California judge in 86 years. The campaign to depose Persky is rooted in the backlash to the penalty the he imposed in the sexual assault trial of Brock Turnera former Stanford swimmer convicted of three felony charges after two graduate students discovered Turner using his fingers to penetrate an unconscious woman near a dumpster after a frat party on campus.

Law reform sexual assault essay

Women are overwhelmingly the victims of sexual assault and rape, while men are nearly always the perpetrators. The vast majority of women are sexually assaulted by men with whom they are acquainted.

Women are far less likely to report a rape or assault when they know their assailant, thus instance of sexual assaults are greatly under-reported.

This essay examines a number of reasons why women fail to report an assault to formal support agencies and examines some of the ways in which social services agencies can reach women in need of support. This article also discusses rape prevention programs that are effective in reducing instances of sexual assault, including programs that educate college students on the dangers of alcohol and its association with assault.

In addition, the gender role beliefs that play a role in how rape is perceived by men and women, particularly when there is a relationship between the victim and the perpetrator are investigated. A look into the continued study and research regarding rape is also included, specifically the ability of such research to identify risk populations and risk factors as well as the type and format of education required to counter the effects of sexual assault.

The overwhelming majority of victims, however, are women who have been victimized by men Franiuk, Rape is defined as penetration or attempted penetration, but the definition of sexual assault is broader. Completed or attempted penetration; Abusive sexual contact without penetration; Non-contact sexual abuse harassment and voyeurism.

The definition also extends to acts of rape perpetrated during war, sex trafficking, and female genital mutilation Basile et al.

This essay is limited to a discussion of the three bulleted points above. Consent is a critical factor when determining if sexual assault has occurred. Non-consent or ambiguous consent cannot be construed as affirmative consent. Victims of sexual assault may not be able to give consent due to age, illness, or impairment or may be intimidated through physical violence or threats Basile et al.

Historically, rapes and sexual assaults were believed to be perpetrated against women by strangers, but current data shows that women are much more likely to be sexually assaulted by men with whom they are acquainted. In fact, estimates suggest that 82 percent of all victims of sexual assault know their assailant Basile et al.

At-Risk Populations The majority of first-time rape victims are young; 71 percent of all rapes occur before the victim reaches the age of eighteen. Young women between the ages of sixteen and twenty-four are the most at risk for being raped Feminist Majority Foundation, Although women are susceptible in almost any situation, a college campus has unique elements that contribute to higher rates of sexual assault Franiuk, College women report they "often feel emotionally and psychologically coerced into sex" Feminist Majority Foundation, A study of 3, college women surveyed indicated that more than 50 percent reported being sexually victimized and 15 percent were victims of rape.

Law reform sexual assault essay

The statistics were re-affirmed by subsequent and studies Franiuk, Colleges have higher rates of sexual assault than non-college settings because of the prevalence of Franiuk, Alcohol; Men and women living in close proximity; Increased exposure to others having sex.

Many trends are apparent and disturbing when it comes to sexual assault: Women are far less likely to report instances of assault if the assailant is known to them.

Since only 15 percent of rapes are committed by strangers, this statistic is likely to indicate that only a small number of sexual assaults actually get reported.Dec 07,  · Sexual assault on campus is a serious problem.

But efforts to protect women from a putative epidemic of violence have led to misguided policies that infringe on the civil rights of men.

The rituals of intake were familiar. Standing in a line with several dozen other men, John stripped off his navy blue scrubs, squatted, and coughed to prove he wasn’t hiding anything.

As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria. Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo.

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Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from alphabetnyc.com Written essay answering the question 'Evaluate the effectiveness of the law reform process in leading to a more just society' with reference to Sexual Assault & Battered Woman Syndrome Laws 3 Ex Credits.

AELE Law Library: List of Police and Public Safety Law Materials Annotations, articles, books/ booklets, catalogs, law review articles/ notes, and reports.

Selected links on Gender Based Violence. In , the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women offered the first official definition of the term “Gender-based Violence”: “Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary.

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